Association of Rural Surgeons of India (ARSI)

ARSI is a group of rural surgeons in India that come together to learn about developments in surgery across India. They hold yearly conferences across India in association with hospitals and medical training institutes.

ARSI pioneered the use of mosquito net instead of the expensive Proline mesh for hernia repair. This was included as one of the six famous, effective, low-cost innovations by the World Health Organization (WHO).

International Federation of Rural Surgeons (IFRS)

International Federation of Rural Surgeons (IFRS) – the IFRS is a body of surgeons, health-allied professionals and researchers across the world that come together to share findings in practices and promote collaboration to make surgery more accessible in rural settings through focused research and development in association with educational institutions and engineering firms.

The IFRS was involved in promoting a gasless laparoscopic lift device by working with the University of Leeds team for Surgical Technology, PGSSC of Harvard University, Maulana Azad Medical College and others in conducting randomized control trials and developing second generation equipment.